The largest remainder method requires the number of votes for each party to be divided a quota representing the number of votes required for a seat, and this gives a notional number of seats to each, usually including an integer and either a fraction or alternatively a remainder. Each party receives seats equal to the integer. This will generally leave some seats unallocated: the parties are then ranked on the basis of the fraction or equivalently on the basis of the remainder, and parties with the larger fractions or reaminders are each allocated one additional seat until all the seats have been allocated. This gives the method its name.
There are several possibilities for the quotas. The most common are: the Hare quota which is
Examples of Hare Quota and Droop Quota in an election to allocate 10 seats
|Highest Remainder Seats||1||1||0||0||1||0||3|
|Highest Remainder Seats||0||1||1||0||0||0||2|